OECD Webinar — Understanding and addressing the social impact of COVID-19 through Open Data Infrastructure

LISS panel — Results and Experiences

Hans-Martin von Gaudecker

Universität Bonn & IZA

Gist of results

  • Labour market:
    • Small effects on extensive margin
    • Hours of work took deep dive, back up quickly
    • Early support programmes worked well
    • No rise in inequality
  • Mental well-being:
    • Strong reduction in mental health score in March
    • Back up to ≈normal levels by May
    • Very different for parents depending on who buffers shock

Based on two papers

  1. Gaudecker, H.-M. von, Holler, R., Janys, L., Siflinger, B. M., & Zimpelmann, C. (2020). Labour Supply during Lockdown and a “New Normal”: The Case of the Netherlands. IZA DP 13623.
  2. Siflinger, B., Paffenholz, M., Seitz, S., Mendel, M., Gaudecker, H.-M. von (2021). The CoViD-19 Pandemic and Mental Health: Distentangling Crucial Channels. CRC 224 DP 271.

LFP / Unemployment rates

Hours of work

  • Best short-term measure for labour market activity in presence of
    • firing restrictions
    • employment subsidies
  • Interpretation as labour demand / direct restrictions seems fine
    • e.g., see below that no add’l effect for parents
  • Measurement before CoViD-19 likely a bit too high

Hours worked / worked from home


Non-Essential vs. Essential Work

Support Programmes

  • NOW: Labour subsidies scheme
    • Loss in firm revenue ≥ 20% ⟶ Reimbursement of 30% of wage bill
    • Cannot fire workers
    • No other strings attached
  • TOZO: Income support measure for self-employed
  • TOGS: One-time payment for entrepeneurs in directly affected sectors

Affected by support programme


Hours worked / wfh by Gender